Cunene Province

Coordinates: 16°42′S 16°3′E / 16.700°S 16.050°E / -16.700; 16.050
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Country Angola
 • GovernorVigílio da Ressurreição Bernardo Adriano Tyova
 • Vice-Governor for the Political, Economic and Social SectorAlbertina Teresa José
 • Vice-Governor for Technical Services and InfrastructuresFeliciano Salomão Himulova
 • Total87,342 km2 (33,723 sq mi)
 (2014 census)[1]
 • Total990,087
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
Area code035
ISO 3166 codeAO-CNN
HDI (2018)0.509[2]
low · 14th

Cunene is a province of Angola. It has an area of 87,342 km2 and a population of 990,087 in 2014.[1]

Catching catfish in Cunene Province.

Ondjiva is the capital of the province; it was previously known as Vila Pereira d’Eça. Ondjiva is the only city in this province with the distance from Ondjiva to Luanda is 1424 km and to Lubango is 415 km. The Cunene River gave its name to the province.

Ruacana Falls

Cunene lies north of the Cunene River, which forms the border between Angola and Namibia. Cunene is traversed by the northwesterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

During World War I the region was the scene of fighting in 1914–15. The German campaign in Angola resulted in Germany's temporary occupation of the area.

The inhabitants of the Province are overwhelmingly Ovambo pastoralists. Since the 1960s, they have been under pressure first from white settlers, and after independence from high-ranking military officers and politicians, who acquired large extensions of land which the Ovambo need for the transhumance of their cattle. The ecological, economic and social advantage of pastoralism over ranching has been known since the 1970s, but has not been sufficiently taken into account in policy making.[3]


The province of Cunene contains six municipalities (Portuguese: municípios):


The province of Cunene contains the following communes (Portuguese: comunas); sorted by their respective municipalities:

List of governors of Cunene[edit]

Name Years in office
Kundi Paihama 1976–1979
Capt Ary da Costa 1979–1982
Pedro Mutindi 1983–2008
António Didalelwa 2008–2016
Kundi Paihama 2016–2018
Vigílio da Ressurreição Bernardo Adriano Tyova 2018–2020
Gerdina Ulipamue Didalelwa 2020–


Up to 1991, the official name was Provincial Commissioner.

In popular culture[edit]

In Call of Duty: Black Ops II, the UNITA under Jonas Savimbi assists CIA operatives Alex Mason and Jason Hudson to find the CIA remnants under Woods held by the MPLA and the Cubans.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Resultados Definitivos Recenseamento Geral da População e Habitação - 2014" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estatística, República de Angola. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2020-02-27.
  3. ^ See Eduardo Cruz de Carvalho, "'Traditional' and 'Modern' Patterns of Cattle Raising in Southwestern Angola: A critical evaluation of change from Pastoralism to Ranching", The Journal of Developing Areas, 8 1974, pp. 199-226
  4. ^ "Virgílio Tyova é o 6º governador na história do Cunene" (in Portuguese). ANGOP Angolan State News Agency. 12 Sep 2018. Retrieved 5 Mar 2019.

External links[edit]

16°42′S 16°3′E / 16.700°S 16.050°E / -16.700; 16.050