Elisabeth Becker

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Elisabeth Becker
Becker at the Stutthof trials in 1946
Born(1923-07-20)20 July 1923
Died4 July 1946(1946-07-04) (aged 22)
Cause of deathExecution by hanging
OccupationGuard of the Stutthof concentration camp
OrganizationSS-Gefolge (Women's SS Division)
Political partyNazi Party
Conviction(s)Crimes against humanity
TrialStutthof trials
Criminal penaltyDeath
Span of crimes
5 September 1944 – 15 January 1945
Location(s)Stutthof concentration camp

Elisabeth Becker (20 July 1923 – 4 July 1946) was a Nazi concentration camp overseer in World War II.


Becker was born in Neuteich, Danzig (today Nowy Staw, Poland) to a German family. In 1936, aged 13, she joined the League of German Girls. In 1938, she became a tramway conductor in Danzig. In 1940, she began working for the Dokendorf firm in Neuteich, where she was employed until 1941, when she became an agriculture assistant in Danzig.


In 1944, the SS needed more guards at the nearby Stutthof concentration camp, and Becker was called up for service. She arrived at Stutthof on 5 September 1944 to begin training as an SS Aufseherin, or overseer. She later worked in the Stutthof SK-III women's camp, personally selecting (selektion) women and children for the gas chamber.[citation needed]


Execution of concentration camp guards at Biskupia Gorka: Becker executed
Elisabeth Becker was publicly executed 4 July 1946 at Biskupia Gorka.

After working in the camp for four months, Becker fled on 15 January 1945 and returned home to Neuteich. Three months later, on 13 April, Polish police arrested her and placed her in prison to await trial.

The first Stutthof Trial began in Danzig on 31 May 1946, with five former SS women and several kapos as defendants. Becker, along with ten other defendants, was found guilty and sentenced to death. She had confessed to selecting at least 30 female prisoners to be gassed, but later retracted her confession.[1]

Becker sent several letters to Polish president Bolesław Bierut requesting that her sentence be commuted. The court had recommended that Becker's sentence be commuted to 15 years on the grounds that her actions had not been as severe as those of co-defendants Gerda Steinhoff or Jenny-Wanda Barkmann. Becker had been at the camp for the shortest amount of time.[1] No pardon was issued, and she was publicly hanged on 4 July 1946 at Biskupia Górka along with the ten other condemned SS supervisors and kapos.[2]

In popular culture[edit]

  • In the play Maidens, written and directed by Kenley Smith, Becker is portrayed by Megan Dianne DeWald.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Erna Beilhardt: zeznania nadzorczyni z KL Stutthof". Erna Beilhardt. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
  2. ^ "1946: Eleven from the Stutthof concentration camp". Retrieved 22 July 2012.
  3. ^ "MAIDENS, Tennessee Playwrights Studio".