This article needs to be updated.(September 2022)
|• Burmese||hkyang: pranynai|
|• Chief Minister||Ngun San Aung|
|• Cabinet||Chin State Government|
|• Legislature||Chin State Hluttaw|
|• Judiciary||Chin State High Court|
|• Total||36,018.8 km2 (13,906.9 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||3,070 m (10,070 ft)|
|• Density||16/km2 (42/sq mi)|
|• Religions||Christianity 90.4%|
|Time zone||UTC+06:30 (MST)|
medium · 7th
Chin State (Burmese: ချင်းပြည်နယ်; MLCTS: hkyang: pranynai, pronounced [tɕʰɪ́ɰ̃ pjìnɛ̀]) is a state in western Myanmar. Chin State is bordered by Sagaing Division and Magway Division to the east, Rakhine State to the south, the Chittagong Division of Bangladesh to the west, and the Indian states of Mizoram to the west and Manipur to the north. The population of Chin State is about 478,801 according to the 2014 census, and its capital city is Hakha.
The state is named for the Chin people, an ethnic group native to Chin State and neighboring Rakhine State. Much of the state is mountainous and sparsely populated, with few transportation links and low levels of economic development. It also has Myanmar's highest poverty rate, at 58%, according to a 2017 report.
Upon Burma's independence from the United Kingdom in 1948, the Chin Hills Special Division was created, with its capital at Falam. Hakha later became the capital. However, three townships that are today part of present-day Chin State (Mindat, Kanpetlet and Matupi) were previously part of the Pakokku Hill Tracts of Pakokku District and Paletwa Township of the Arakan Hill Tracts, until 4 January 1974. On this date, the Chin Hills Special Division was granted state status and became Chin State. Today, Chin State has little infrastructure and remains extremely poor and undeveloped.
"Chin National Day" is designated on 20 February to commemorate the "General Assembly of Chinland" held in 1948. The first celebration of Chin National Day was held in 1951, but it was not recognized by the Myanmar government until the 2010s.
Chin State, like much of Myanmar, has been deeply affected by the Myanmar civil war since it broke out in 2021. Tens of thousands of Chin State residents have fled to neighboring Mizoram, India, and towns such as Thantlang were destroyed in the fighting. Since the war broke out, several armed opposition groups have emerged calling themselves the Chinland Defence Force. The groups are reportedly funded by the Chin diaspora and by the National Unity Government of Myanmar, an opposition government-in-exile.
Districts and Townships
- Tedim District of Northern Chin State
- Falam District Central Chin State
- Hakha District of Central Chin State
- Matupi District of Central and Southwestern Chin State
- Mindat District of Southeastern Chin State
Hakha District was formed by the first Chin State Hluttaw emergency meeting No. 2/2012 on 1 June. Matupi District was formed by the second Pyidaungsu Hluttaw regular meeting on 28 June 2017.
|Source: 2014 Myanmar Census|
The people of Chin State are made up of many tribes which, though historically related, now speak divergent languages and have different cultural and historical identities. Some consider the name Chin an exonym, given by the Burmese and of unclear origin. Ethnic groups in Chin State include Kcho, Laimi, Matu, Zomi, Mizo, Asho, Mara, Khumi, and Daai, among others.
According to the 2014 Myanmar Census, Christians make up the vast majority of Chin State's population, at 90.4%. Minority religious communities include Buddhists (6%), Muslims (0.1%), Hindus (0.1%), and animists (0.4%), including adherents of Pau Cin Hau, who collectively comprise the remainder of Chin State’s population. 1.1% of the population listed no religion, or other religions, or were otherwise not enumerated. Chin State is the only state in Myanmar with a majority Christian population.
According to official statistics, Chin State had 25 high schools in 2003.
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- For more cultural information about the Chin see F.K. Lehman. 1963. The Structure of Chin Society;: A Tribal People of Burma Adapted to a Non-Western Civilization. University of Illinois Press.
- Stavanger Chin Organization
- The Chin National Front
- Chin Human Rights Organization
- Matupi Students Union
- Chin Community in Japan
- Chin Community in Norway
- Chin Community in Denmark
- Chinland Development and Research Society in Sweden
- Chin Community in Germany
- Chin Christian Fellowship in Denmark
- English- Chin Online Dictionary
- ZOGAM Home
- Vaphual news & articles on Zo people
- Chin Community Germany
- The official website of Zomi Reunification Organisation
- Institutes of Higher Education in Myanmar (January 2002) - arranged by state and division