Olin Chaddock Wilson
|Died||July 14, 1994 (aged 85)|
|Alma mater||California Institute of Technology|
|Known for||Stellar spectroscopy|
|Spouse||Katherine E. Johnson (m. 1943)|
|Awards||Bruce Medal (1984)|
|Thesis||Comparison of the Balmer and Paschen Series of Hydrogen in Stellar Spectra (1934)|
Born in San Francisco, California as the son of a lawyer, Wilson showed an interest in physics at an early age. He studied astronomy and physics at the University of California, Berkeley and wrote his first scientific paper in 1932 on the subject of the speed of light. He received his PhD from the California Institute of Technology in 1934.
Wilson was a staff member of Mount Wilson Observatory (not named after Olin Wilson) for most of his research career where he studied stellar chromospheres. He was the first scientist to discover activity cycles, similar to the solar 11-year sunspot cycle, in other stars. In collaboration with Vainu Bappu, an Indian astronomer, he also showed that there was a correlation between the width of the Ca II lines in stellar spectra and the star's luminosity, the Wilson–Bappu effect.
- Sciences, National Academy of (2003-05-07). Biographical Memoirs: Volume 82. National Academies Press. pp. 353–370. ISBN 978-0-309-08698-1.
- Ridpath, Ian (2012-01-19). A Dictionary of Astronomy. OUP Oxford. p. 510. ISBN 978-0-19-960905-5.
- Preston, George W. (1995). "Olin C. Wilson (1909-1994)". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 107 (708): 97. Bibcode:1995PASP..107...97P. doi:10.1086/133523. S2CID 121127702.